Bright Smiles With Cosmetic Tooth Veneers

There is nothing like a dazzling smile to set your face aglow – it reflects good health and confidence. And that’s why each of us wants to have a perfect set of teeth. Even, straight and white teeth no longer need to be something you dream of, you can have a set of teeth just like a movie star with cosmetic tooth veneers. Did you imagine that all celebrities are born with a perfect set of teeth? That is not true, but the fact that getting cosmetic tooth veneers is easy, painless and fast has made it very popular.

Cosmetic tooth veneers: What are they and why would you need them?

A strong, thin layer of porcelain “shell” is placed over your teeth and permanently bonded to your Uncategorized teeth with the help of a resin adhesive, in order to create perfectly formed teeth that can be as white as you please. Veneers are durable and resist stains and you can enjoy your beautiful teeth for several years. Your dentist can guide you on whether you are a right candidate for veneers after a consultation followed by a detailed examination, but most common conditions like gaps between teeth also known as diastema, broken or chipped teeth, misaligned teeth or stained teeth can be corrected.

Here’s how cosmetic tooth veneers are placed.

After removing a small part of the enamel to make space for veneers, your dentist will take an impression of your teeth in order to fabricate tooth veneers that are an exact replica of your own set. On your next visit, your dentist will put a mild solution on your teeth that helps the veneers stick to your teeth more efficiently. A tooth coloured bonding material is applied next, and the tooth veneers are attached to your Uncategorized teeth one by one.

Are cosmetic tooth veneers high maintenance?

Just as your teeth, veneers can’t endure forceful impacts and can get damaged by biting nails, ice or other hard objects. Cosmetic tooth veneers should be cleaned like your Uncategorized teeth. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day to remove food debris to prevent buildup of plaque and dental decay. It is also recommended to visit your dentist regularly for cleaning and examination. You need to take good care of your teeth veneers so that they last several long years. Your dentist would advise you about recommended oral products and also give you tips to maximise the life of your tooth veneers.

From Goose Farmer to Top Internet Marketer

I was asked the other day ‘What’ it has been that had allowed me to change in such a short period of time my life into better. I was asked what I was doing and which miracle had happened that I had more time and more money at the same time? I was asked if I had found something like an infinite income plan to make money online.

Well, I could have simply answered ‘yes’. But I felt like this was the right moment to going into depth and sharing what I had found and what the ‘secret’ was behind the scenes, behind my change and success: Darren Salkeld’s Infinite Income Plan and how i applied it to learn to earn cash from a top internet marketer and make money online myself – applying what I had learned and am still learning!

Make Money Online Secret Revealed: there was no secret, there is no secret. I wanted to learn to earn cash and simply researched for a real business opportunity online that would meet my criteria. I was blessed to meet Darren Salkeld on an international workshop, where he was presented as a top internet marketer. And this is exactly what Darren Salkeld is and where it all started for me.

The Infinite Income Plan is where Darren Salkeld has put together all his learnings and experience on how to learn to earn cash and make money online. Darren Salkeld put it all together in one place, in the Infinite Income Report.

So who is Darren Salkeld? Today Darren Salkeld stands synonymous for the Infinite Income Plan. Till a few years ago he was a hard working goose farmer and leader in his family business – with a small difference to so many others in his same position: he had a vision! Darren knew that there needed to be some way to learn to earn money and make money online. He went and researched each online marketer he could get hold of and each method he could try, he would do so.

Darren Salkeld today knows all the mechanisms to make money online as he knew how to learn to earn cash and talk with each successful internet marketer he could get hold of. Driven by his vision and solid principles and values that are key to making any income plan and marketing activity a vivid instrument to success, Darren Salkeld has decided to share his knowledge with you and me, with all of us. He even went a step further and created out of his personal instant income plan the infinite income plan which shows all of us a possibility to open our mind to new dimensions.

What attracted me most about the whole Infinite Income Plan, more than all the information on how to learn to earn cash and insights it gives, it is the fact that Darren Salkeld does not talk about tools and techniques only, as many internet marketers do. Darren highlights the importance of our values and believes, of our vision and wish to achieve.

A fast track to learn to earn cash and make money online is part of Darren’s Infinite Income Plan as well as motivational messages and clear guidance on all areas, apart from the pure business aspects, that are all part of our personal success stories.

You can have a list, the famous winning list of people online each internet marketer needs and wants. But it will be of no value if all these people will have no confidence in you. Only the moment that they will trust you, that they will feel that you care for them and about them, only then you will be really able to call your list a winning list! And this is exactly the secret formula that great online marketer Darren Salkeld used and still uses with his Infinite Income Plan.

Are There Alternatives to Pay Day or Cash Advance Loans?

Negative government reports, consumer advocate studies, and investigative journalists for newspapers and television, have all taken pay day and cash advance lenders to task for their so-called loan shark activities. These protectors of the common good do have their points, but they offer few alternatives. When folks are in desperate need of cash, when they need the money quickly, there are no viable alternatives. Credit card companies, banks, and other traditional financial institutions are not too interested in loaning $500 to $1,000 to folks in dire need and often with less than stellar credit ratings.

Banning Pay Day or Cash Advance Loans

A market exists for lending money to people who need cash fast, and a legal market is the best answer. What would happen if pay day or cash advance lenders were banned? Law enforcement authorities would soon discover that back alley lenders, organized crime lenders, and other loan sharks will have stepped in to fill the void, exposing otherwise law-abiding citizens to the world of crime. And the enforcement wings of these loan sharks do not just break legs when a borrower cannot repay them on time. Whole families could be practically held hostage for a $500 loan.

Loans Are Interest Rate Heavy

Indeed, pay day and cash advance loans to carry substantial interest rates, far higher than those from traditional lenders with credit scores and collateral to underwrite the loans. But many of these folks do not have valuable property or acceptable credit histories. The fact is, the alternative to not being able to come up with cast in an expedient manner, could cause the borrower a lot more than just footing a high interest loan for a short period of time.

Interest Rates Vs. Financial Relief and Peace of Mind

Lack of cash can mean utility services being interrupted, going without medications or medical treatments, inability to purchase equipment for a business, job, or home necessity,and late payments along with further blemishes on credit reports. The interest rates, while high, are probably a small price to pay for financial relief and peace of mind. Because of the great risks a lender assumes offering these loans, the interest rates may be somewhat justified.

Improvements Needed

Perhaps the biggest problem, next to the high interest rates, is the short term requirements regarding repayment. Often, the very next pay check the borrower receives is eaten up by the repayment. One pay period is often not enough for a borrower to regain their financial bearings. They may have to keep extending the loan and that is where the real interest rates start to go into the loan shark realm. Often, a borrower can get so overwhelmed that they soon are making payments only on the interest.

Last Word on Pay Day or Cash Advance Loans

Many companies, in the onslaught of borrowers needing pay day or cash advance loans, are starting to change the terms of their loans so that they allow up to three months for repayment. They are responsibly addressing the needs of folks in these recessionary times. Three months is often long enough for people to get back on track financially. Unless someone can come up with a better legal alternative, a market exists for pay day and cash advance loans. That market, of course, should be carefully monitored.

Health Savings Accounts – An American Innovation in Health Insurance

INTRODUCTON – The term “health insurance” is commonly used in the United States to describe any program that helps pay for medical expenses, whether through privately purchased insurance, social insurance or a non-insurance social welfare program funded by the government. Synonyms for this usage include “health coverage,” “health care coverage” and “health benefits” and “medical insurance.” In a more technical sense, the term is used to describe any form of insurance that provides protection against injury or illness.

In America, the health insurance industry has changed rapidly during the last few decades. In the 1970’s most people who had health insurance had indemnity insurance. Indemnity insurance is often called fee-forservice. It is the traditional health insurance in which the medical provider (usually a doctor or hospital) is paid a fee for each service provided to the patient covered under the policy. An important category associated with the indemnity plans is that of consumer driven health care (CDHC). Consumer-directed health plans allow individuals and families to have greater control over their health care, including when and how they access care, what types of care they receive and how much they spend on health care services.

These plans are however associated with higher deductibles that the insured have to pay from their pocket before they can claim insurance money. Consumer driven health care plans include Health Reimbursement Plans (HRAs), Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs), high deductible health plans (HDHps), Archer Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs) and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs). Of these, the Health Savings Accounts are the most recent and they have witnessed rapid growth during the last decade.


A Health Savings Account (HSA) is a tax-advantaged medical savings account available to taxpayers in the United States. The funds contributed to the account are not subject to federal income tax at the time of deposit. These may be used to pay for qualified medical expenses at any time without federal tax liability.

Another feature is that the funds contributed to Health Savings Account roll over and accumulate year over year if not spent. These can be withdrawn by the employees at the time of retirement without any tax liabilities. Withdrawals for qualified expenses and interest earned are also not subject to federal income taxes. According to the U.S. Treasury Office, ‘A Health Savings Account is an alternative to traditional health insurance; it is a savings product that offers a different way for consumers to pay for their health care.

HSA’s enable you to pay for current health expenses and save for future qualified medical and retiree health expenses on a tax-free basis.’ Thus the Health Savings Account is an effort to increase the efficiency of the American health care system and to encourage people to be more responsible and prudent towards their health care needs. It falls in the category of consumer driven health care plans.

Origin of Health Savings Account

The Health Savings Account was established under the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act passed by the U.S. Congress in June 2003, by the Senate in July 2003 and signed by President Bush on December 8, 2003.

Eligibility –

The following individuals are eligible to open a Health Savings Account –

– Those who are covered by a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP).
– Those not covered by other health insurance plans.
– Those not enrolled in Medicare4.

Also there are no income limits on who may contribute to an HAS and there is no requirement of having earned income to contribute to an HAS. However HAS’s can’t be set up by those who are dependent on someone else’s tax return. Also HSA’s cannot be set up independently by children.

What is a High Deductible Health plan (HDHP)?

Enrollment in a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) is a necessary qualification for anyone wishing to open a Health Savings Account. In fact the HDHPs got a boost by the Medicare Modernization Act which introduced the HSAs. A High Deductible Health Plan is a health insurance plan which has a certain deductible threshold. This limit must be crossed before the insured person can claim insurance money. It does not cover first dollar medical expenses. So an individual has to himself pay the initial expenses that are called out-of-pocket costs.

In a number of HDHPs costs of immunization and preventive health care are excluded from the deductible which means that the individual is reimbursed for them. HDHPs can be taken both by individuals (self employed as well as employed) and employers. In 2008, HDHPs are being offered by insurance companies in America with deductibles ranging from a minimum of $1,100 for Self and $2,200 for Self and Family coverage. The maximum amount out-of-pocket limits for HDHPs is $5,600 for self and $11,200 for Self and Family enrollment. These deductible limits are called IRS limits as they are set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). In HDHPs the relation between the deductibles and the premium paid by the insured is inversely propotional i.e. higher the deductible, lower the premium and vice versa. The major purported advantages of HDHPs are that they will a) lower health care costs by causing patients to be more cost-conscious, and b) make insurance premiums more affordable for the uninsured. The logic is that when the patients are fully covered (i.e. have health plans with low deductibles), they tend to be less health conscious and also less cost conscious when going for treatment.

Opening a Health Savings Account

An individual can sign up for HSAs with banks, credit unions, insurance companies and other approved companies. However not all insurance companies offer HSAqualified health insurance plans so it is important to use an insurance company that offers this type of qualified insurance plan. The employer may also set up a plan for the employees. However, the account is always owned by the individual. Direct online enrollment in HSA-qualified health insurance is available in all states except Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.

Contributions to the Health Savings Account

Contributions to HSAs can be made by an individual who owns the account, by an employer or by any other person. When made by the employer, the contribution is not included in the income of the employee. When made by an employee, it is treated as exempted from federal tax. For 2008, the maximum amount that can be contributed (and deducted) to an HSA from all sources is:
$2,900 (self-only coverage)
$5,800 (family coverage)

These limits are set by the U.S. Congress through statutes and they are indexed annually for inflation. For individuals above 55 years of age, there is a special catch up provision that allows them to deposit additional $800 for 2008 and $900 for 2009. The actual maximum amount an individual can contribute also depends on the number of months he is covered by an HDHP (pro-rated basis) as of the first day of a month. For eg If you have family HDHP coverage from January 1,2008 until June 30, 2008, then cease having HDHP coverage, you are allowed an HSA contribution of 6/12 of $5,800, or $2,900 for 2008. If you have family HDHP coverage from January 1,2008 until June 30, 2008, and have self-only HDHP coverage from July 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008, you are allowed an HSA contribution of 6/12 x $5,800 plus 6/12 of $2,900, or $4,350 for 2008. If an individual opens an HDHP on the first day of a month, then he can contribute to HSA on the first day itself. However, if he/she opens an account on any other day than the first, then he can contribute to the HSA from the next month onwards. Contributions can be made as late as April 15 of the following year. Contributions to the HSA in excess of the contribution limits must be withdrawn by the individual or be subject to an excise tax. The individual must pay income tax on the excess withdrawn amount.

Contributions by the Employer

The employer can make contributions to the employee’s HAS account under a salary reduction plan known as Section 125 plan. It is also called a cafeteria plan. The contributions made under the cafeteria plan are made on a pre-tax basis i.e. they are excluded from the employee’s income. The employer must make the contribution on a comparable basis. Comparable contributions are contributions to all HSAs of an employer which are 1) the same amount or 2) the same percentage of the annual deductible. However, part time employees who work for less than 30 hours a week can be treated separately. The employer can also categorize employees into those who opt for self coverage only and those who opt for a family coverage. The employer can automatically make contributions to the HSAs on the behalf of the employee unless the employee specifically chooses not to have such contributions by the employer.

Withdrawals from the HSAs

The HSA is owned by the employee and he/she can make qualified expenses from it whenever required. He/She also decides how much to contribute to it, how much to withdraw for qualified expenses, which company will hold the account and what type of investments will be made to grow the account. Another feature is that the funds remain in the account and role over from year to year. There are no use it or lose it rules. The HSA participants do not have to obtain advance approval from their HSA trustee or their medical insurer to withdraw funds, and the funds are not subject to income taxation if made for ‘qualified medical expenses’. Qualified medical expenses include costs for services and items covered by the health plan but subject to cost sharing such as a deductible and coinsurance, or co-payments, as well as many other expenses not covered under medical plans, such as dental, vision and chiropractic care; durable medical equipment such as eyeglasses and hearing aids; and transportation expenses related to medical care. Nonprescription, over-the-counter medications are also eligible. However, qualified medical expense must be incurred on or after the HSA was established.

Tax free distributions can be taken from the HSA for the qualified medical expenses of the person covered by the HDHP, the spouse (even if not covered) of the individual and any dependent (even if not covered) of the individual.12 The HSA account can also be used to pay previous year’s qualified expenses subject to the condition that those expenses were incurred after the HSA was set up. The individual must preserve the receipts for expenses met from the HSA as they may be needed to prove that the withdrawals from the HSA were made for qualified medical expenses and not otherwise used. Also the individual may have to produce the receipts before the insurance company to prove that the deductible limit was met. If a withdrawal is made for unqualified medical expenses, then the amount withdrawn is considered taxable (it is added to the individuals income) and is also subject to an additional 10 percent penalty. Normally the money also cannot be used for paying medical insurance premiums. However, in certain circumstances, exceptions are allowed.

These are –

1) to pay for any health plan coverage while receiving federal or state unemployment benefits.
2) COBRA continuation coverage after leaving employment with a company that offers health insurance coverage.
3) Qualified long-term care insurance.
4) Medicare premiums and out-of-pocket expenses, including deductibles, co-pays, and coinsurance for: Part A (hospital and inpatient services), Part B (physician and outpatient services), Part C (Medicare HMO and PPO plans) and Part D (prescription drugs).

However, if an individual dies, becomes disabled or reaches the age of 65, then withdrawals from the Health Savings Account are considered exempted from income tax and additional 10 percent penalty irrespective of the purpose for which those withdrawals are made. There are different methods through which funds can be withdrawn from the HSAs. Some HSAs provide account holders with debit cards, some with cheques and some have options for a reimbursement process similar to medical insurance.

Growth of HSAs

Ever since the Health Savings Accounts came into being in January 2004, there has been a phenomenal growth in their numbers. From around 1 million enrollees in March 2005, the number has grown to 6.1 million enrollees in January 2008.14 This represents an increase of 1.6 million since January 2007, 2.9 million since January 2006 and 5.1 million since March 2005. This growth has been visible across all segments. However, the growth in large groups and small groups has been much higher than in the individual category. According to the projections made by the U.S. Treasury Department, the number of HSA policy holders will increase to 14 million by 2010. These 14 million policies will provide cover to 25 to 30 million U.S. citizens.

In the Individual Market, 1.5 million people were covered by HSA/HDHPs purchased as on January 2008. Based on the number of covered lives, 27 percent of newly purchased individual policies (defined as those purchased during the most recent full month or quarter) were enrolled in HSA/HDHP coverage. In the small group market, enrollment stood at 1.8 million as of January 2008. In this group 31 percent of all new enrollments were in the HSA/HDHP category. The large group category had the largest enrollment with 2.8 million enrollees as of January 2008. In this category, six percent of all new enrollments were in the HSA/HDHP category.

Benefits of HSAs

The proponents of HSAs envisage a number of benefits from them. First and foremost it is believed that as they have a high deductible threshold, the insured will be more health conscious. Also they will be more cost conscious. The high deductibles will encourage people to be more careful about their health and health care expenses and will make them shop for bargains and be more vigilant against excesses in the health care industry. This, it is believed, will reduce the growing cost of health care and increase the efficiency of the health care system in the United States. HSA-eligible plans typically provide enrollee decision support tools that include, to some extent, information on the cost of health care services and the quality of health care providers. Experts suggest that reliable information about the cost of particular health care services and the quality of specific health care providers would help enrollees become more actively engaged in making health care purchasing decisions. These tools may be provided by health insurance carriers to all health insurance plan enrollees, but are likely to be more important to enrollees of HSA-eligible plans who have a greater financial incentive to make informed decisions about the quality and costs of health care providers and services.

It is believed that lower premiums associated with HSAs/HDHPs will enable more people to enroll for medical insurance. This will mean that lower income groups who do not have access to medicare will be able to open HSAs. No doubt higher deductibles are associated with HSA eligible HDHPs, but it is estimated that tax savings under HSAs and lower premiums will make them less expensive than other insurance plans. The funds put in the HSA can be rolled over from year to year. There are no use it or lose it rules. This leads to a growth in savings of the account holder. The funds can be accumulated tax free for future medical expenses if the holder so desires. Also the savings in the HSA can be grown through investments.

The nature of such investments is decided by the insured. The earnings on savings in the HSA are also exempt from income tax. The holder can withdraw his savings in the HSA after turning 65 years old without paying any taxes or penalties. The account holder has complete control over his/her account. He/She is the owner of the account right from its inception. A person can withdraw money as and when required without any gatekeeper. Also the owner decides how much to put in his/her account, how much to spend and how much to save for the future. The HSAs are portable in nature. This means that if the holder changes his/her job, becomes unemployed or moves to another location, he/she can still retain the account.

Also if the account holder so desires he can transfer his Health Saving Account from one managing agency to another. Thus portability is an advantage of HSAs. Another advantage is that most HSA plans provide first-dollar coverage for preventive care. This is true of virtually all HSA plans offered by large employers and over 95% of the plans offered by small employers. It was also true of over half (59%) of the plans which were purchased by individuals.

All of the plans offering first-dollar preventive care benefits included annual physicals, immunizations, well-baby and wellchild care, mammograms and Pap tests; 90% included prostate cancer screenings and 80% included colon cancer screenings. Some analysts believe that HSAs are more beneficial for the young and healthy as they do not have to pay frequent out of pocket costs. On the other hand, they have to pay lower premiums for HDHPs which help them meet unforeseen contingencies.

Health Savings Accounts are also advantageous for the employers. The benefits of choosing a health Savings Account over a traditional health insurance plan can directly affect the bottom line of an employer’s benefit budget. For instance Health Savings Accounts are dependent on a high deductible insurance policy, which lowers the premiums of the employee’s plan. Also all contributions to the Health Savings Account are pre-tax, thus lowering the gross payroll and reducing the amount of taxes the employer must pay.

Criticism of HSAs

The opponents of Health Savings Accounts contend that they would do more harm than good to America’s health insurance system. Some consumer organizations, such as Consumers Union, and many medical organizations, such as the American Public Health Association, have rejected HSAs because, in their opinion, they benefit only healthy, younger people and make the health care system more expensive for everyone else. According to Stanford economist Victor Fuchs, “The main effect of putting more of it on the consumer is to reduce the social redistributive element of insurance.

Some others believe that HSAs remove healthy people from the insurance pool and it makes premiums rise for everyone left. HSAs encourage people to look out for themselves more and spread the risk around less. Another concern is that the money people save in HSAs will be inadequate. Some people believe that HSAs do not allow for enough savings to cover costs. Even the person who contributes the maximum and never takes any money out would not be able to cover health care costs in retirement if inflation continues in the health care industry.

Opponents of HSAs, also include distinguished figures like state Insurance Commissioner John Garamendi, who called them a “dangerous prescription” that will destabilize the health insurance marketplace and make things even worse for the uninsured. Another criticism is that they benefit the rich more than the poor. Those who earn more will be able to get bigger tax breaks than those who earn less. Critics point out that higher deductibles along with insurance premiums will take away a large share of the earnings of the low income groups. Also lower income groups will not benefit
substantially from tax breaks as they are already paying little or no taxes. On the other hand tax breaks on savings in HSAs and on further income from those HSA savings will cost billions of dollars of tax money to the exchequer.

The Treasury Department has estimated HSAs would cost the government $156 billion over a decade. Critics say that this could rise substantially. Several surveys have been conducted regarding the efficacy of the HSAs and some have found that the account holders are not particularly satisfied with the HSA scheme and many are even ignorant about the working of the HSAs. One such survey conducted in 2007 of American employees by the human resources consulting firm Towers Perrin showed satisfaction with account based health plans (ABHPs) was low. People were not happy with them in general compared with people with more traditional health care. Respondants said they were not comfortable with the risk and did not understand how it works.

According to the Commonwealth Fund, early experience with HAS eligible high-deductible health plans reveals low satisfaction, high out of- pocket costs, and cost-related access problems. Another survey conducted with the Employee Benefits Research Institute found that people enrolled in HSA-eligible high-deductible health plans were much less satisfied with many aspects of their health care than adults in more comprehensive plans People in these plans allocate substantial amounts of income to their health care, especially those who have poorer health or lower incomes. The survey also found that adults in high-deductible health plans are far more likely to delay or avoid getting needed care, or to skip medications, because of the cost. Problems are particularly pronounced among those with poorer health or lower incomes.

Political leaders have also been vocal about their criticism of the HSAs. Congressman John Conyers, Jr. issued the following statement criticizing the HSAs “The President’s health care plan is not about covering the uninsured, making health insurance affordable, or even driving down the cost of health care. Its real purpose is to make it easier for businesses to dump their health insurance burden onto workers, give tax breaks to the wealthy, and boost the profits of banks and financial brokers. The health care policies concocted at the behest of special interests do nothing to help the average American. In many cases, they can make health care even more inaccessible.” In fact a report of the U.S. governments Accountability office, published on April 1, 2008 says that the rate of enrollment in the HSAs is greater for higher income individuals than for lower income ones.

A study titled “Health Savings Accounts and High Deductible Health Plans: Are They an Option for Low-Income Families? By Catherine Hoffman and Jennifer Tolbert which was sponsored by the Kaiser Family Foundation reported the following key findings regarding the HSAs:

a) Premiums for HSA-qualified health plans may be lower than for traditional insurance, but these plans shift more of the financial risk to individuals and families through higher deductibles.
b) Premiums and out-of-pocket costs for HSA-qualified health plans would consume a substantial portion of a low-income family’s budget.
c) Most low-income individuals and families do not face high enough tax liability to benefit in a significant way from tax deductions associated with HSAs.
d) People with chronic conditions, disabilities, and others with high cost medical needs may face even greater out-of-pocket costs under HSA-qualified health plans.
e) Cost-sharing reduces the use of health care, especially primary and preventive services, and low-income individuals and those who are sicker are particularly sensitive to cost-sharing increases.
f) Health savings accounts and high deductible plans are unlikely to substantially increase health insurance coverage among the uninsured.

Choosing a Health Plan

Despite the advantages offered by the HSA, it may not be suitable for everyone. While choosing an insurance plan, an individual must consider the following factors:

1. The premiums to be paid.
2. Coverage/benefits available under the scheme.
3. Various exclusions and limitations.
4. Portability.
5. Out-of-pocket costs like coinsurance, co-pays, and deductibles.
6. Access to doctors, hospitals, and other providers.
7. How much and sometimes how one pays for care.
8. Any existing health issue or physical disability.
9. Type of tax savings available.

The plan you choose should according to your requirements and financial ability.


1 Questions and Answers about Health Insurance- A Consumer Guide’ published jointly by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)and America’s Health Insurance Plans (AHIP)
3 2002 AHIP Survey of Health Insurance Plans
4 “How High Is Too High? Implications of High-Deductible Health Plans” Davis, Karen; Michelle Doty and Alice Ho. The Commonwealth Fund, April 2005
6 HSA/HDHP CENSUS 2008 by Hannah Yoo, Center for Policy and Research, America’s Health Insurance Plans
7″HEALTH SAVINGS ACCOUNTS Early Enrollee Experiences with Accounts and Eligible Health Plans” John E. Dicken Director, Health Care.
8 Thomas Wilder and Hannah Yoo, “A Survey of Preventive Benefits in Health Savings Account (HSA)Plans, July 2007,” America’s Health Insurance Plans, November 2007
9 Gladwell, Malcolm, “The Moral Hazard Myth”, The New Yorker (29-08-2005)
10 2008 Benchmark Survey HAS Bank
11. Employer Health Benefits 2007 Annual Survey, Kaiser Family Foundation
12. Health Savings Accounts and High Deductible Health Plans: Are They An Option for Low-Income Families?Catherine Hoffman and Jennifer Tolbert for Kaiser Family Foundation, October 2006
13. Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Cheap Car Insurance and Car Safety – Young Drivers

The term young drivers, in an insurance context, tends to refer to drivers normally between the ages of 17 and 25 years old. This can sometimes be seen as a slightly patronising term, but in fact is simply a reflection of an age group that the insurance industry deems to be most at risk and therefore the most expensive group of car owners to insure.

Whilst any generalisation is to some extent unfair, there is a lot of statistical evidence that supports the fact that the majority of claims and the majority of expensive claims that the insurance industry has to pay out comes from this age range of drivers.

There are two main areas of concern to this age group. Firstly is the fairly obvious fact that because of their age they have not been able to build up a sufficient level of driving experience that give them the benefit of being able to drive more safely and securely than people of an older generation might be able to do. There is also a belief that people of this age group tend to be slightly more irresponsible and erratic in their driving habits than people who are in their late 20s, 30s etc. This may or may not be true, but nevertheless is a factor in the amount that insurance companies will charge.

Young drivers will inevitably pay a much higher insurance cost for their car insurance than people of an older age group. Whilst they are gaining a level of experience that allows them to drive safely they will be developing a level also of what is known as road awareness. It is this sense of being able to “read the road” that will significantly affect their ability to drive safely, and subsequently their safety record and amount they pay for their car insurance.

Reading the road is a term applied to people who drive, and tends to be a sense that people pick up of what is happening around them they pay particular attention to. This normally involves paying attention to what other cars, cyclists, lorries, pedestrians and other road users are doing around them and anticipating what actions they might take, and what the consequences of those actions might be. Reading the road is also about applying the correct level of speed to any given situation at a conscious level. This normally refers to driving slowly rather than driving fast, but reflects more generally a sense of appropriateness to the speed of driving in any particular situation.

The other level of concern often raised concerning this age group in relation to car insurance, is that as an age group they are easily distracted, or more easily distracted than people of a different age group might be. Traditionally this has always been seen as distraction in the sense of having friends of theirs of a similar age in the car, possibly showing off to them by driving too fast or recklessly. It has also raised concerns about driving at night when visibility and road conditions are much more difficult to manage.

Distraction amongst young drivers, as well as most other drivers, has become a major issue much more in recent times because of the advent of cellphones and ability of drivers to make calls and send and receive SMS messages at the same time. Research by the United States government shows that this is as dangerous potentially as that of drink-driving. Distraction is a major concern because it is in the split-second where people need to be aware of and focused of what is going on around them that decisions are made which profoundly affect the safety of the driver, the passengers and other road users who may be involved in any potential incident.

Where To Find The Right Electronic Cigarettes(sigaretta elettronica)?

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Many of the online mobile store (loja de telemoveis ) have begun to make things easy and simple for customers who are willing to purchase the latest mobile phone. These furniture stores offer the best quality and better service. Sometimes it will not be able to get the hottest phone out of the market because the product is not available, but commercial trucks, there can be found in all the latest storage and mobile phones. Online mobile shops offer easy payment options. Here you can find almost all brands of mobile phone in one place. And ‘the dose to save much time and effort here to find the best roaming mobile.

In addition to these services, all online stores rather in the mobile, which shows all the details of mobile phones with prices, availability, features, and you can read people’s comments on the product. These stores offer a wide range of mobile phones good chance too.

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Life After Death

Following my accident when I was severely burnt, my last memory was being injected morphine at Staincliffe Hospital, Dewsbury, the place I was born and nearly died; following this I was rushed to Pinderfields Hospital at Wakefield where I was to spend the most painful 13 weeks of my life.

My next memory was awakening and finding me stood in a darkened room and in the far corner was a bed, to which all sorts of electronic equipment were attached beeping away and in the bed seemed to be a person but I just wanted to get away from the place.

Strangely all the pain I had previously suffered was gone like one big nightmare, I remember in my disorientated state somehow leaving the room, into a long deserted corridor, illuminated sparsely with a few night lights.

As I approached the end of the corridor a nurse came out of a nearby staff room, laughing merrily at some joke her and the rest of the staff must have been sharing, as she turned and walked towards me I just froze, however, her eyes showed no acknowledgement of my physical presence as she passed by me.

I called out to her when she was about 15 feet past me but she showed no signs of either seeing me or hearing me, I thought this was a little weird by now, but my instincts told me to find an outside door and get away from this strange place.

After a while travelling through the maze of corridors I found a locked exit, upon trying the door to my amazement I found my hand just passed right through it and to my utter bewilderment I found I could walk right through it, I could feel no warmth or cold, I seemed to myself what I can only describe as a physical point in space that could see and hear but could not interact.

With further astonishment I now found myself perhaps 150 foot up in the air and heading through the night, below I could see the tops of the street lamps and a few cars wondering around, I distinctly remember flying over a railway viaduct and towards the city of Wakefield.

The neon sign over the nightclub called Rooftop Gardens drew me like a magnet being familiar with the place during my many nights out with my friends The Gangster and The Savage One, I must of thought in retrospect that a familiar place would relieve me of all this craziness but I was flying for Gods sake.

I came down to land near the entrance to the club in front of two of the bouncers I remembered from yesteryear I had on many occasions in the past greeted these two individuals however on this occasion they just continued their small talk oblivious to my sudden appearance from the night sky.

I paused to think and reached out with my hand to touch a nearby wall that was adjacent to the clubs entrance but my hand appeared to have no physical substance and just passed into the fabric of the wall.

It was now that the awful truth finally dawned on me… The people unable to see or hear me, The wall, The doors to the hospital, just suppose they were perfectly normal? Just suppose that it was me who had changed? What if for example I had somehow lost my ‘hardness’, my ability to grasp things, even, to make contact with the world – even to be seen?

I mean what is the point in going anywhere if as the final shreds of my rational mind pointed out if you cannot be seen, and what was that mound in that bed in the little hospital room I had left could that have been my physical body?

I didn’t like this line of thought a human being is not separated from his body unless he is dead, then what state was I in now.

It can go through doors without opening them, it can fly like a bird, it does not feel cold or warmth and remarkable these qualities are, they are no good if one cannot be seen. I decided at this point to go back to Pinderfields and see if I could reacquaint myself with my body, surely pain is better than this.

No sooner had this thought occurred to me I found myself moving at incredible speed through the night back to the doors of Pinderfields, it seems in this strange state you travel by thought alone, handy this may be but the novelty soon wears off rapidly.

Now Pinderfields is a big hospital and in my rush to get out of there I had forgotten just where I had left my body (or indeed what was left of it by now)

I just didn’t have a clue which room it was in. I rationalised that it must be somewhere in the burns unit but it was no use asking the doctors or nurses because they couldn’t see me or hear me.

After an extensive search I managed to find the burns unit and by wondering from room to room I finally found the room I had left earlier and there I was lying unconscious, wired up to an whole variety of strange gadgets.

At this point out of pure desperation for something to do, I decided to recite the lord’s prayer something I had learnt many years ago at school.

The very next moment the absolute impossible happened; a tiny pinprick of light at the side of the bed began to grow brighter and brighter, at first not noticing the pin prick of light I thought it was a tiny night light that was the rooms only illumination that was getting brighter.

But then I saw it was coming from beside the white bedside table at the head of the bed, it continued to brighten as I watched, it brightened to such an extent that had it been any ordinary light I would most certainly of been blinded.

The next moment there flooded directly into my mind the words “Stand Up… you are now in the presence of the Son of God”, whereupon out of the light stepped what I could only describe as the most magnificent being I have ever known.

Thankful at last for a little company in this strange situation I joked “That’s it! Just like that… I am with the Son of God… Isn’t there a reception area or something before we meet?”

I felt a presence of Power and pure love that was older than time but yet more modern than anyone I have ever met.

In the first stage of my experience, what I can only refer to as the earthbound state I had lost three of my senses; smell, taste and touch, however in this further stage in the light, time disappeared completely, a bit like in a dream and I was aware of all my thoughts and actions in my life up to the present day as on big whole.

Every moment in my life was recurring before me at one and the same instant as part of some enormous four dimensional sight and sound mural.

I guessed this was my life review.

But emanating from the being projected pure love, up to that point in my life I had come across much laid back always blaming anyone and everyone for the results of my actions

I also saw from a further dimension an observation of my interactions with others from the other persons point.. I also saw parts of the future which was hazy however I distinctly remember being told that a girl I had met but would never marry had an important role in the creation of my son who was very special. I saw all of my educational achievements so far were purely superfluous but it was the way I treated others that was important and I could see the consequence of my lack of interactions with my fellow students at York University (which I had luckily just graduated a month before).

I could see how the other students saw me as weird and very anti social and they tried to avoid me where possible so that they could avoid the negative effect I had on them hence leading to a deeper feeling of depression thus increasing my isolation.

An endless viscous circle that had dominated my life.

I even could see the hurt on my best friend – The Gangsters emotions when he pulled a bird called Cherelle at Rooftop Gardens, but, I had done my best to split them up by pouring a pint of lager on her head and being very rude.

The tapestry of life was in front of me and I could see how my decisions now would effect the future all of my ambitions of being wealthy and having many material possessions was regarded by the being of light with has much distaste as was my lack of enthusiasm for interacting with
my fellow men.

I could see how my life would change and where I had once sought money and possessions I now treasured simply making other peoples lives more pleasurable at the expense of my own wellbeing.

The being of light then turned to me and said via thought dynamics “Michael, What have you done with your life so far?” I replied using my mind “Why didn’t someone tell me this was what life is about?” the being replied “Somebody did nearly 2000 years ago in your linear time – me!”

I suddenly found myself on the move again, this time we didn’t bother about doors it was straight up through the hospital roof, then we flew at incredible speeds across the surface of the earth however there was no wind to slow us and just a few moments later I found myself approaching a city beside a huge expanse of water.

In the city all the streets and offices were unbelievably crowded, and I could see people passing through other people like they wasn’t there.

We walked into a factory and I saw assembly line workers who were putting together lawnmowers enjoying a coffee break while behind them a woman was pleading for a drag of their cigarette as through she wanted it more than anything in the world.

When one of the workers clearly blind and deaf to the women behind him actually took a cigarette out of his packet and began to smoke it, the woman repeatedly snatched at it but, it was as if she was clawing at thin air.

I came to the conclusion that those people must be ghosts, even though they were dead, they remained chained to the material world by the very things they had deemed most important during their lifetimes their jobs, their cigarette smoking their material possessions.

Myself and the being of light moved from city to city visiting endless places he had to show to me, in one house I remember a younger man followed an older man from room to room “I am sorry dad!” he kept saying repeatedly “I did not know it would do this to my mum – I just didn’t understand!”

The older man was carrying a tray filled with tea and toast into a room where a clearly unwell elderly lady was sat up in bed “I AM SORRY” the younger man cried in frustration over and over again but, clearly his agony fell on deaf ears.

“Why is he so sorry?” I enquired to the being of light, referring to the younger mans pleas “He committed the ultimate selfish act” said the being touching his long beard “suicide” he continued with tears welling in the corner of his eyes “and chained to every consequence of their act of cowardice they are well and truly earthbound” he finished but I knew the answer before I asked.

My next visit was back to the night club in Wakefield called Rooftop Gardens where I had visited earlier in my disorientated state, but, without the concept of time earlier and later were meaningless it is a bit like telling someone bind from birth what is like to see.

Inside the nightclub was an impossibly crowded place where I watched ghost alcoholics mingling with living drunks and whenever a drunk lapsed into a drunken stupor a desperately thirsty ghost sprang inside his body so that the two became one.

The living could be distinguished from the ghosts by a faint cocoon of light around him, however when any living being became inebriated their light cocoon faded, enabling one of the many hovering ghosts to take over their body and literally possess the person.

S horrific was the scene that the only words in my mind that could describe this was “hell”

The mingling ghosts with their eyes so set on alcohol desperately clutching at real life beer glasses had blinded themselves to the magnificent being that accompanied me – Indeed the being told me to keep my eyes firmly on him – probably he was aware of my past record.

In this world of thought far beyond space and time (Thought is a more fundamental principle than the illusion of space or time which pale into mere shadows) it can seemingly be either heaven or hell of your own making.

Earthbound ghosts destroyed by hatred, lust and destructive thought patterns find that whatever they think however fleetingly or unwittingly became instantly apparent to all those who was around him and more completely than words could of expressed it and much faster than sound waves could of carried it.

The thought most commonly communicated amongst earthbound spirits was usually selfish thoughts and this by its very act kept the being earthbound, the being it seemed felt only compassion for these unfortunate souls but he knew it was their will not his that kept them there.

I felt like scrooge in The Christmas Carol having this wise being accompany me back to the hospital for the final time, I wanted to start my life again a fresh when I would care far more about other people and not myself.

No longer would money and possessions be my supreme objective but I would live my life with a desire to make other people happy – the old Mad Mick was truly dead and the new one ready for a reincarnation.

We entered the hospital room for the final time and the image of the being and the bed before me faded – the walls that surrounded my little room at Pinderfields became solid again it was early morning and I was informed by a nurse who had come into open the curtains that it was two days since my accident.

The pain was still there but somewhat dulled by the drugs I had been given, It was to be another thirteen weeks before I was released and I had many more strange experiences in there but nothing that could be compared to the one I have shared with you all.

After subsequent research into my favourite subject Physics I have found that with the merging of two theories of the universe Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity it appears that the 3 dimensions of space and one dimension of time is in fact an illusion created by the world of thought.

Spirits who remain earthbound do eventually find that the hatred and envy are the very emotions that keep them there but wouldn’t it be easier to help our fellow human beings while we are alive.

“Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth” Jesus…

Travel Tips: 5 Ways To Get Free WiFi

For me traveling is about escaping some of the pressures of everyday life that it’s hard to break away from at home. It’s my only chance to elude the never ending media bombardment of news updates. The only reason I like to be on the web when abroad is to be able to stay in touch with those back home. Getting free wifi cuts down on travel expenses.

Here are some of the ways that you can do it:

1. Do Your Homework

There are plenty of public places such as coffee shops that provide free wifi for their customers. Other possibilities include museums, libraries, cafes, trains, trams and buses. Be sure to do some research before you leave home and you’ll have a good chance of succeeding with the location of it.

2. Hidden Networks Rock

There are plenty of them and they are there waiting for you to use them. Many phones and tablets have applications that will help you to find them. If you don’t use one of these applications, then you can always just keep checking on your phone. Lots of people don’t lock their domestic wifi and you can hop on for a few minutes – just enough time to send emails and check your social media account.

3. Make the Best Use of Your Phone

Smartphones are usually equipped with a wifi hotspot ability. You can link to the web through a system such as 3GS and then emit a wifi signal that you can hook up your tablet or PC to. If you don’t have free 3GS then beware – it could cost you more than you think. Check the prices of data roaming with your network provider prior to leaving.

4. Use the Phone Hotspot of a Friend

If you don’t’ have a data plan that will allow you free access to the internet in the country that you are in, then you can always use somebody else’s. This might be the phone of a native citizen of the country.

5. Only Book If There is Free Wifi

One of my rules is to only book hotels that offer free Wifi. Alternatively I might book a budget hotel that will make a small charge for it. Hotel websites and hotel review sites will usually detail what the arrangement is, so check before you go.

Finding and using free wifi really will cut down on some of your travel expenses. Be sure to make the most of it.

Lower Your Premium Payments on Vehicle Insurance

With all the other expenses in life the last thing you want to pay more for is auto insurance. Insurance companies can raise their rates with no warning and it might not have anything to do with how good of a driver you are or how old you are. Don’t get me wrong, sex, age, driving record and other factors play a role it determining your car insurance premium, but sometimes companies simply need to raise their prices to keep solvent. Trust me, you would rather have the company raise the cost of insurance and stay financial stable then keep the prices the same and go bankrupt or sell off.

Since we know that insurance companies can increase prices at anytime, you have to keep that in mind when we talk about ways you can lower your premium. You can do everything correct to decrease your insurance price, but still not see your premium go down. This could be due to many reasons and sometimes it is in the insurance company hands and there is nothing you can do. Enough with the downer news. Let’s review the ways you could possible save money on car insurance.

Safe driving courses. This is a simple but somewhat inconvenient way of lowering your insurance premium or qualifying for insurance company discounts. I say this is inconvenient because you have to go take the course, but usually you can do this on a weekend and get it over with. If you are trying to stretch pennies it could be an easy way to save some money on your insurance policy.

Raising your deductible. This tactic should be looked at as a last resort to saving money on car insurance. This is a pretty safe way to lower your premium, meaning it is almost a guarantee that your insurance premium will decrease when you raise your deductibles. There are two deductible to look at. Your comprehensive and your collision. You do not want to increase your deductible unless you need to. By doing this you will increase the amount you will have to pay out when you have to file a claim (accident).

Combine your auto and home. If you own a home and have home insurance it is wise to have both your auto and home policy with one company. You hear tv ads all of the time stating how much you can save if you combine. It does not matter who you combine these policies with because most companies will provide a discount in this case.

Compare insurance quotes online. If you do not have car insurance or if you are coming upon your ex-date of your current plan you should look into getting free car insurance quotes online. The web is full of insurance websites that let you accomplish this task. Make sure the company is reputable and review their terms of use before you sign up. You should use a free website that allows you to enter your information once in return for multiple auto insurance quotes.

If you apply all four of these tactics you can be sure to have a better chance of getting cheaper insurance premiums. I hope you all will find a good insurance company that provides you with great service.

Sage 100 Hosting – A Competitive Edge

If you are looking for a solution for your accounting and business operation needs, you’ll find that Sage has software packages that will suit your company’s requirements perfectly. From keeping control over payroll, customer data management, cash management, and real-time information, Sage products can help your business run smoothly and seamlessly. Take your business tools to the next level of success with Sage 100 hosting that will allow you operate your business in a virtual environment, in order to cut costs while helping to improve business efficiency.

Just how can operating Sage 100 in an off-site manner help you to gain the competitive edge that you need?

First and foremost, hosted applications can help you to lower you overall operational expenses. Sage accounting products already help you to streamline your business, but remote hosting will help you to save significant amount of money in several departments of your company. You’ll be able to drastically cut down on your IT costs for hardware, software, and manpower. Hosted computing means that businesses no longer need to invest in costly servers and the other types of hardware required for the processing power that large complex applications like Sage need.

Imagine having unlimited storage capacity so that you can better serve your customers. Running out of storage on your hard drive or primary server can be a nightmare, especially during the busiest times of the month or the end of the financial year. In a virtual server environment it is almost effortless to add more storage, and not have to worry about inadvertently deleting valuable data.

While on the topic of deleting valuable data, what would happen to your business if your primary server was damaged or your laptop was lost or stolen? Chances are that this would result in a huge set of headaches for your entire company, and for your customers. With off-site hosting your data is protected, backed up, and there when you need to access it.

Hosting your applications on-site can give you the control that you want, granted. But with the right hosting company, you’ll be able to make changes to your Sage application when needed, and you’ll have the luxury of not having to worry about the entire system going offline in the event of a power outage. With cloud-based technologies, you’ll no longer need to rely on one single machine to keep your company operational. You’ll have the peace of mind that comes from knowing you have a strong support system keeping your business operational, around the clock.

Whether you are looking for virtual hosting for Sage 100 ERP or for Sage 100 Contractor, you’ll find that remote hosting is the best solution to help you better serve your end customers while helping to make your business as efficient as is possible.

An efficient business that doesn’t need to focus a large amount of attention and expensive resources on accounting and operational issues will be able to better focus on giving customers the individualized attention and service that they need.